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75 Years of the Second World War

Sunday, Aug 30, 2020 13:00 [IST]

Last Update: Sunday, Aug 30, 2020 07:27 [IST]

75 Years of the Second World War

Window Seat

Mrinal Chatterjee
Seventy-five years ago, the most far-flung, destructive, and lethal war in history approached its end. The Second World War ended on 2 September 1945 after the Allies bombed the two cities of Japan- Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6 August and 9 August, 1945 respectively. As a result, Japan agreed to surrender unconditionally. The war had begun six years ago with the invasion of Poland by Germany and subsequent declarations of war on Germany by France and the UK on 1 September.
The Second World War pitted the Allied powers—the United States, the Soviet Union, Britain, China, and their smaller allies—against Germany, Japan, Italy, and a few other Axis nations. Some 70 million men and women served in the armed forces, taking part in the greatest military mobilization in history. Civilians, however, did most of the suffering and dying. Of the estimated 66 million people who perished, nearly 70 percent—some 46 million—were civilians, including six million Jews murdered during the Holocaust. Tens of millions more were uprooted from their homes and countries, many of them living in displaced persons camps for years to come.
World War II changed the political alignment and social structure of the globe. The United Nations (UN) was established to foster international co-operation and prevent future conflicts. The victorious powers- China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States—became the permanent members of its Security Council. The Soviet Union and the United States emerged as rival super-powers, setting the stage for the nearly half-century-long Cold-War. In the wake of European devastation, the influence of its great powers waned, triggering the decolonization of Africa and Asia.
India became independent. So did several other Asian and African countries.
World War II showed the ugly side of the war- death, destruction and human suffering at a never before unprecedented scale. People sought peace. But history shows how elusive it can be.
Resurgence of Sanskrit
Sanskrit is one of oldest languages of the world. It is an Indo-Aryan or Indic language of the ancient Indian subcontinent with a 3,500-year history.
In 1786, English Philologist William Jones, suggested in his book ‘The Sanscrit Language‘ that Greek and Latin were related to Sanskrit, and perhaps Gothic, Celtic and Persian languages, too!
Over its long history, Sanskrit has been written both in Devanagari and various regional scripts, such as Sarada from the north (Kashmir) , Bengali in the east, Gujar?t? in the west, and various southern scripts, including the Grantha alphabet, which was especially devised for Sanskrit texts. Sanskrit texts continue to be published in regional scripts, although in recent times Devanagari has become more generally used.
However, the major problem of Sanskrit is that there are not many speakers in this language. Therefore, many consider it as a dead language.
As per 2011 census Sanskrit is the mother tongue of 24,821 people in India and 1,669 people in Nepal. If second and third language are factored, then there are 2,360,821 total speakers of Sanskrit in India.
Though a fraction of India's total population speak Sanskrit, the silver lining is that the number of people considering Sanskrit as their mother tongue is growing. In 2001 census only 14,135 people had said Sanskrit was their mother tongue. In the next census this number rose by 10 thousand.
The only Sanskrit newspaper in the world is titled ‘Sudharma‘. The newspaper has been published since 1970 from Mysuru in Karnataka, and is also available online, given the fact that Sanskrit is said to be the most computer-friendly language.
Corona-induced long lock downs and restrictions on movements have  forced  people to stay indoors and in many cases away from their near and dear ones for a long a time.  This condition generates worry which in many cases turned into obsession. The concerned persons start believing that they are infected with Corona. These cases are called “Worried Well” by the National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences( NIMHANS). NIMHANS  has recently come up with a guidance document on mental health  during Covid-19 crises and has dedicated a chapter on this condition.
The documents states that the “Worried Well” are healthy persons with less severe problems or those with intermittent concerns about their health.  These individuals generally complain about symptoms about a  potential undiagnosed illness. They may wonder if these vague/non—specific symptoms represent a significant disease. The wonder turns into worry and worry turns into panic and manic depression.
NIMHANS lists out a protocol on how to manage the “Worried Well”. Don’t turn them away or dismiss their problem, make them feel understood and provide them with authentic clinical information about Covid-19. Efforts must be made to avoid medication and manage them only with education about Covid-19, reassurance and support. There should be timely referral to  psychiatrists for severe health anxiety.  Doctors say that for most people excessive worry arising out of the pandemic will be short-lived if they are heard and given right information.
Tail piece: How to be happy
If u watch  NDTV - You will think India is taken over by Fascists, there is going to be civil war and China is about to reach Gurugram.
If u watch ZeeTV, Republic, News X, Republic Bharat, India TV- You will think India is the new major Military-Economic World Leader and we will soon take over CHINA
If you read newspapers, you don't know whether God or Govt. is running the country- or is it on auto-mode.
If you watch stock market, you don't know whether economy is sinking or reviving.
If you watch local channels, you feel as though the world is going to end tomorrow due to corona virus as there will be no population left. However, if
you go on the road, you see so many people and traffic as though there is absolutely no problem and Corona virus does not exist.
If you read Whatsapp you will find the world is facing every conceivable problem, and also there is an expert to provide solution to every problem.
If u read/watch all of the above - You will be a confused man.
So don't read/watch anything - spend time only with your wife/girl-friend - listen to her sermons, lectures and follow her advice and do whatever she says - you will be happy and at peace.
Choose your options wisely.
(Courtesy: social Media)
The author, a journalist turned media academician lives in Central Odisha town of Dhenkanal. He writes fiction and plays; and translates Urdu poetry into Odia.

Sikkim at a Glance

  • Area: 7096 Sq Kms
  • Capital: Gangtok
  • Altitude: 5,840 ft
  • Population: 6.10 Lakhs
  • Topography: Hilly terrain elevation from 600 to over 28,509 ft above sea level
  • Climate:
  • Summer: Min- 13°C - Max 21°C
  • Winter: Min- 0.48°C - Max 13°C
  • Rainfall: 325 cms per annum
  • Language Spoken: Nepali, Bhutia, Lepcha, Tibetan, English, Hindi