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An introduction to Mitradev Sarma’s ‘Sanskar Sanskriti Sanskritiwan’

Anjan Baskota
Introduction:
Name of the book: Sanskar Sanskriti Sanskritiwan.
Author: Mitradev Sarma.
Genre: Essays (in Nepali).
Edition: First 2017.
Publisher:  Dr. Rijushmita Sarma.
Price: Rs. 100/- (INR).
About the author:
Mitradev Sarma, son of late poet Tika Prasad and Kunti Devi was born on 1st January 1944 at Gangmouthan; Behali under Biswanath district of Assam. Retired Director of Economics and Statistics of Arunachal government is a veteran writer who writes commonly in Assamese, Nepali, Hindi and in English language. True to say Mitradev has started his literary carrier after his retirement. Mr. Sarma is an exemplary figure to be pointed that if you have good will and soft feeling for literature, you can render literary service at any time; age. Old age or life after retirement is not for luxury you can contribute a lot towards your society, human welfare, literature you like the most etc. He has contributed much more towards these fields. His well known books in Nepali are ‘Mitra Bibidha’ (2010), ‘Buda-Bhasa-Nrishastra-Sanskriti’ (2010), ‘Mitra Rachanawali’ (2013), ‘Bharatiya Sahityaka Nirmata Nityananda Upadhyaya’ (Sahitya Akademi, 2013), ‘Aang Jiringa Parne Hatya Rahasya’ etc and in Assamese language ‘Nefar pora Rajasthanoloi’ (2005), ‘Andaman, Abu, Ajmir Aadi’ (2005), ‘Smiritir Surabhi’ (2009) etc. A well known translator Mr. Sarma’s translation works include ‘Smritir Leseri Butoli’ (Nepali to Assamese, 2008), ‘Upoja Matir Subash’ (Telegu to Assamese, 2008), ‘Janmabhumiko Subash’ (Telegu to Nepali, 2008), ‘Nun ra Neelem Kumarka Kabita’ (Assamese to Nepali, 2013) etc. ‘Manograhi Nepali Golpa’ (2012) is a collection of twenty three short stories of prominent Nepali writers and Indian Nepali writes translated into Assamese language. He has translated nearly hundred Nepali poems of hundred eminent poets spreading many countries of the world in ‘Antarastriya Nepali Kabya’ (Nepali to Assamese, 2008).Besides, Mr. Sarma has edited several journals as well as memorabilia including Seuji Chhanda (Ass), Panchamrit, Nabarun (Ass.-Eng.), Triprahar (Ass),Panas (Nep.)
Mr. Sarma is a recipient of President’s Bronze medal for his outstanding Zeal and enthusiasm for census duty in 1971 along with the best writer’s award for the year 2012 by Srasta in 2013, Taranath Sandilya Smriti Samman in 2015 etc. Presently he is residing in Luitel Bhawan; Chandmari, Tezpur, Assam.
Analysis of the Book:
This book contains a total number of eighteen research based essays of varied taste and flavor. The first article of the collection is ‘Nepali Samajka Bibah Bidhi; Abalokan’. At the very beginning of his discussion, Mr. Sarma clarifies the readers about the setup of greater Nepali community which is a compact combination of different caste; creed; race and religious people. Citing examples from Manu Smriti, the author describes eight types of marriage ceremonies and its different rituals namely (1) Brahma Bibah, (2) Daiba Bibah, (3) Aarsha, (4) Prajaptya, (5) Asura Bibah, (6) Gandharba Bibah, (7) Rakshsha Bibah and (8) Poisacha Bibah. The author has highlighted vivid descriptions of marriage rituals of Newar, Kirat, Sherpa, Tharu and Brahmin castes. During the course of discussion, he has taken helps from many research based voluminous books and left no aspects in discussed. The second article is about religion and its influence in our day to life. Here, some Hindu traditions such as ‘Garva Dharan’, ‘Namkaran’, ‘Upanayan’ etc and their influence in our day to day life have been discussed. The third article is about the Rigveda. The author is seen expertise in describing the Rigveda and its pros and cons. The titles of the fourth and fifth article are ‘Nasti Bhakti Naranam’ and ‘Matrishakti Karanimata ra Deshnokko Kowa mandir’ respectively. The sixth article is descriptive in narrative style. It states about the Aanjaneyo mandir; a Hanuman temple of Suchindra, Rameswaram of South India. The seventh one is a research based article having title ‘Uttar Purvanchalma Nepali Sahityako Bikash Yatra’. Here the author has not missed to state the origin and development of Nepali literature in North East region. The Nepali literature of N.E region began with Tulachan Aley’s ‘Manipurko ladaiko Sabai’. There after Dhanbir Bhandari, Aatmaram Magar, Krishna Bahadur Udas, Gajbir Rana, Harinarayan Bidyabhushan, Surbir Rai, Ram Chandra Sarma like writers had contributed a lot towards its development. Presently the Nepali literature of N.E region has been flourished and expanded far and wide. The writer is seen generous in highlighting every contributions made by N.E writers towards development of Nepali literature. The eighth article highlights the life and works of Assam born poet Puspalal Upadhyaya; a Shahitya Akademi award winning writer. The ninth article is an obituary write up in memory of Prof. Gopi Narayan Pradhan where his contributions have been lighted up in short. Another research based article of this collection which is placed in tenth number is ‘Uttar Purvanchalia Nepali Bhashako Ankuran: prasanga Gorkha Rai’. Hari Prasad Gorkha Rai was born in Kohima on 15th March 1815. Gorkha Rai had completed his master’s degree from Gauhati University in Philosophy and Assamese literature. Late Rai could write equally in Nepali, Assamese, Hindi and in English language. He was deeply associated with Asam Sahitya Sabha; a premier literary organization of the Assamese language. The title of the eleventh article is ‘Asameli Nepali sahitya Srijanama Smarika/Shradhanjali ra Abhinandan Granthako Abadan’. This is also a research based article in which contribution of different memorabilia and obituary collections that have been published in different time and their influence towards growth and development of Nepali literature has been focused. Articles with title ‘Gumsiraheka Samjhana: Electon duty’ ‘Bhuichalo barema kehi prasangik kura’ and ‘Dahal-Nepal tarka prasanga…’ have been placed in twelfth, thirteenth and fourteenth order respectively. ‘Samayle Nildeichha hamro sankhya’ is a thought provoking article wherein the author shows his great concern over gradual declination of Nepali population in verge of assimilation and other alike conditions. The sixteenth article having title ‘Nepali Bhashama raithane Bhashako pabhab’ too is a research based; investigative article. Here, the author has analyzed the semantic; grammatical; linguistic aspects of both Assamese and Nepali language. The origins of the languages, their similarity and dissimilarity have well been discussed.
Conclusion:
The author being a statics professional has prepared an extensive list of authors in chronological order from the seven states incorporating year of birth, list of books by them in all languages along with year of publication in ‘Uttar Purvanchalka Nepali Srastaka Sristiko Janmanukramik Suchi’ (2018, Nepali). The research book has started proving as a document in research works for scholars of various countries around the globe. Sanskar Sanskriti Sanskritiwan is a collection of eighteen valuable articles. Articles of different tastes and flavor have been included herein. The language applied here is very simple. The literary style of narration is purely explanatory and descriptive. Foot notes and list of reference books will give wider scopes for readers and researchers. In short I must say that everyone should read this book for gaining knowledge.
(Address: Samar Dalani, Sootea, Biswanath, Assam, 7002702268, email:anjanbaskota11@gmail.com)

Sikkim at a Glance

  • Area: 7096 Sq Kms
  • Capital: Gangtok
  • Altitude: 5,840 ft
  • Population: 6.10 Lakhs
  • Topography: Hilly terrain elevation from 600 to over 28,509 ft above sea level
  • Climate:
  • Summer: Min- 13°C - Max 21°C
  • Winter: Min- 0.48°C - Max 13°C
  • Rainfall: 325 cms per annum
  • Language Spoken: Nepali, Bhutia, Lepcha, Tibetan, English, Hindi