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Monday, Jan 27, 2020 12:45 [IST]

Last Update: Monday, Jan 27, 2020 07:13 [IST]

MENTAL HEALTH MATTERS

BHAWANA LAMICHANEY
The well- being of a human being  has two facets viz, physical and mental  health. However the physical health of  an individual has donned greater prominence over the mental health aspect. While mental illness has been considered a taboo in the society from the time immemorial resulting in their restriction to the various household than becoming public knowledge. Ignorance of mental health concepts and related metal illness has also led to lower awareness  level among  the masses, which in turn has increases number of metal disorders in society like depressions, anxiety disorders ,phobias, mood disorders, Schizophrenia, dementia in Alzheimer’s diseases, substances use disorders and many more. With almost 264 million people worldwide, depression stands out as one of the most common metal disorders ,where women are affected more as compared to Men. As this increase in the number of mental illnesses in the society leads to the increase in the number of death rates in which the main causes of deaths are Suicides.
According  to the World Health Organization, Suicide is  a global phenomenon and occurs throughout the lifespan. Suicide is considered as the leading cause of death in all the part of the world. And also According to the centers for disease control and prevention ,the leading cause of death is Suicide. Close to 800,000 people die due to suicide every year worldwide, which is one person every 40 seconds. Effective and evidence-based interventions can be implemented at populations, sub-population  and individual levels to prevent Suicide attempts. There are indications that for each adult who died by suicide there  may have been more than 20 others attempting suicide.
WHAT IS MENTAL HEALTH?
According to the world health organization (WHO),mental health is a state of well-being in which an individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope up with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and is able to make a contribution to his or her community.
This definition, while representing a substantial progress with respect to moving away from the conceptualization of mental health as a state of absence of mental illness, raises several concerns and lends itself to potential misunderstandings when it identifies positive feelings and positive functioning as key factors for mental health .People in good mental health are often sad, unwell, angry or unhappy, and this is part of a fully lived life for a human being. In spite of this, mental health has been often conceptualized as a purely positive affect, marked by feelings of happiness and sense of mastery over the environment.
while mental health is a dynamic state of internal equilibrium which enables individuals to use their abilities in harmony with universal values of society. Basic cognitive and social skills; ability to recognize, express and modulate one's own emotions, as well as empathize with others; flexibility and ability to cope with adverse life events and function in social roles; and harmonious relationship between body and mind represent important components of mental health which contribute, to varying degrees, to the state of internal equilibrium" ,therefore, Mental Health is an integral and essential component of health, which is the foundation for individuals well-being and the effective functioning in the community. Mental health is also related to promotion of mental well-being, prevention of mental disorders and treatment ,rehabilitation of people affected by mental disorders.
WHAT ARE THE COMPONENTS OF MENTAL HEALTH?
The components of mental health include;
?THE ABILITY TO ACCEPT SELF - A mentally healthy individuals feel comfortable about himself. He feels reasonably secure and adequately accept his shortcomings. In other words, he has self-respect.
?THE CAPACITY TO FEEL RIGHT TOWARDS OTHERS -An individual who enjoys good mental health is able to be sincerely interested in other's welfare. He has friendships that are satisfying and lasting. He is able to feel a part of a group without being submerged by it. He takes responsibility for his neighbours and his fellow members.
?THE ABILITY TO FULFILL LIFE'S TASKS- A mentally healthy person is able to think for himself, set reasonable goals and take his own decision. He does something about the problems as they arise, and is not bowled over by his own emotions of fear, anger, love or guilt.
WHAT TO BE DONE?
It is very important to understand mental health, it’s components and signs and symptoms because it helps person to realize how important their mental health really is and makes them realize to make their mental health a priority, because mental health is more  important as compared to other health aspects which includes our emotional, psychological, and social well-being. It affects how we think, feel, and act, it also helps to determine how we handle stress, relate to others, and make choices.
FOLLOW 5 WAYS TO WELLBEING;
At any given time, 1 in 4 of us will be experiencing a mental health issue.  Some of the most common mental health conditions, such as depression, anxiety and stress, can be relieved by following some simple steps called the Five Ways to Wellbeing.
Connect with people – your family, friends, colleagues and neighbours. Speaking to people over the telephone or online can help, but there’s nothing like being in the company of others to boost your mood.
Get active– take a walk, go cycling, join a dance class, go swimming or play a game of football. Find an activity that you enjoy and make it a part of your life. Anything that raises your heart rate – even cleaning the house – can help.
Keep learning – give yourself a sense of achievement and a new confidence. Why not sign up for that cooking course, start learning to play a musical instrument, learn a new language, or figure out how to fix your bike?
Give – even the smallest act can count – whether it’s a smile, a thank you or a kind word. Larger acts, such as volunteering at your local community centre, can improve your mental wellbeing and help you make new friends.
Be mindful – be more aware of the present moment, including your feelings and thoughts, your body and the world around you. Some people call this awareness ‘mindfulness’ and it can positively change the way you feel about life and how you approach challenges.
These are proven techniques to help to boost your general wellbeing and they are things we can all incorporate into our daily lives. If you want to make your mental health and wellbeing a priority, following these steps is a good place to start.

Sikkim at a Glance

  • Area: 7096 Sq Kms
  • Capital: Gangtok
  • Altitude: 5,840 ft
  • Population: 6.10 Lakhs
  • Topography: Hilly terrain elevation from 600 to over 28,509 ft above sea level
  • Climate:
  • Summer: Min- 13°C - Max 21°C
  • Winter: Min- 0.48°C - Max 13°C
  • Rainfall: 325 cms per annum
  • Language Spoken: Nepali, Bhutia, Lepcha, Tibetan, English, Hindi