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Understanding Mental Health Disorders

Sunday, Jul 19, 2020 14:45 [IST]

Last Update: Sunday, Jul 19, 2020 09:05 [IST]

Understanding Mental Health Disorders

Mental health is often misunderstood, especially by those that do not suffer or have suffered from it

BHAWANALAMICHANEY
"Mental disorders or Mental illness” is maladjustment  in living. It comprise a broad range of problems, with different symptoms. However, they are generally characterized by some combination of abnormalities. Mental illness, also called mental health disorders, refers to a wide range of mental health conditions — disorders that affect your mood, thinking and behavior. Examples of mental illness include depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, eating disorders and addictive behaviors.
A mentally ill person loses his ability to respond according to the expectation he has for himself and the demands that society has for him. In general an individual may be considered to be mentally ill if: The person's behavior is causing distress and suffering to self and/or others. If the person’s behavior is causing disturbance in his day to day activities, job and inter personal relationships.
Mental illnesses, in general, are thought to be caused by a variety of genetic and environmental factors: Inherited traits. Mental illness is more common in people whose blood relatives also have a mental illness. Certain genes may increase your risk of developing a mental illness, and your life situation may trigger it. Environmental exposures before birth. Exposure to environmental stressors, inflammatory conditions, toxins, alcohol or drugs while in the womb can sometimes be linked to mental illness. Brain chemistry. Neurotransmitters are naturally occurring brain chemicals that carry signals to other parts of your brain and body. When the neural networks involving these chemicals are impaired, the function of nerve receptors and nerve systems change, leading to depression and other emotional disorders.
WHAT ARE THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF MENTAL ILLNESS?
It's really important to understand the Signs and symptoms of mental illness which can vary, depending on the disorder, circumstances and other factors. Whereby the Mental illness symptoms can affect emotions, thoughts and behaviors. Examples of signs and symptoms include:
?Feeling sad or down
?Confused thinking or reduced ability to concentrate
?Excessive fears or worries, or extreme feelings of guilt
??Extreme mood changes of highs and lows
??Withdrawal from friends and activities
?Significant tiredness, low energy or problems sleeping
??Detachment from reality (delusions), paranoia or hallucinations
??Inability to cope with daily problems or stress
??Trouble understanding and relating to situations and to people
?Problems with alcohol or drug use
??Major changes in eating habits
??Sex drive changes
??Excessive anger, hostility or violence
??suicidal thought.
Sometimes symptoms of a mental health disorder appear as physical problems, such as stomach pain, back pain, headaches, or other unexplained aches and pains.
COMPLICATIONS OF MENTAL DISORDERS: Mental illness is a leading cause of disability. Untreated mental illness can cause severe emotional, behavioral and physical health problems. Complications sometimes linked to mental illness include: Unhappiness and decreased enjoyment of life. Family conflicts, Relationship difficulties, Social isolation, Problems with tobacco, alcohol and other drugs, Missed work or school, or other problems related to work or school, Legal and financial problems, Poverty and homelessness, Self-harm and harm to others, including suicide or homicide, Weakened immune system, so your body has a hard time resisting infections, Heart disease and other medical conditions.
PREVENTION OF MENTAL DISORDERS:
There's no sure way to prevent mental illness. However, if you have a mental illness, taking steps to control stress, to increase your resilience and to boost low self-esteem may help keep your symptoms under control. Follow these steps:
??Pay attention to warning signs. Work with your doctor or therapist to learn what might trigger your symptoms. Make a plan so that you know what to do if symptoms return. Contact your doctor or therapist if you notice any changes in symptoms or how you feel. Consider involving family members or friends to watch for warning signs.
??Get routine medical care. Don't neglect checkups or skip visits to your primary care provider, especially if you aren't feeling well. You may have a new health problem that needs to be treated, or you may be experiencing side effects of medication.
??Get help when you need it. Mental health conditions can be harder to treat if you wait until symptoms get bad. Long-term maintenance treatment also may help prevent a relapse of symptoms.
??Take good care of yourself. Sufficient sleep, healthy eating and regular physical activity are important. Try to maintain a regular schedule. Talk to your primary care provider if you have trouble sleeping or if you have questions about diet and physical activity.
Lastly, to those who struggling with mental health disorders do not hesitate to seek help.  What mental health needs is more sunlight, more candor, and more unashamed conversation.
Remember mental illness is nothing to be ashamed of!
Be kind to yourself.

Sikkim at a Glance

  • Area: 7096 Sq Kms
  • Capital: Gangtok
  • Altitude: 5,840 ft
  • Population: 6.10 Lakhs
  • Topography: Hilly terrain elevation from 600 to over 28,509 ft above sea level
  • Climate:
  • Summer: Min- 13°C - Max 21°C
  • Winter: Min- 0.48°C - Max 13°C
  • Rainfall: 325 cms per annum
  • Language Spoken: Nepali, Bhutia, Lepcha, Tibetan, English, Hindi