Sikkim records dip in Infant Mortality Rate


Wed, Jun 12, 2019

SE Report
GANGTOK:
Sikkim registered a four point decrease in the Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) in 2017 as against 2016 taking up the State’s rank from sixth to the current fourth position, according to the Sample Registration System (SRS)
Survey of India report by the Registrar General of India published earlier on May, last month.
A State government press release quoting the survey said Sikkim has been able to lower IMR from 16 infant deaths per thousand live births in a year as per SRS 2016 to present level of 12 infant deaths per thousand live births in a year thereby taking Sikkim up from rank sixth in 2016 to current fourth at the national level.
In line with India’s National Population Policy (NPP) 2000, with the long-term goal to achieve population stabilization by 2045, at a level consistent with the requirement of sustainable economic growth, social development and environment protection, the immediate objective of the NPP 2000 was to address the unmet needs for contraception, healthcare infrastructure and health personnel, and to provide integrated service delivery for basic Reproductive and Child Healthcare (RCH) to bring down the IMR to less than 30 per thousand live births per year.
The medium-term objective was to bring the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) to replacement levels by 2010 through vigorous implementation of inter-sectoral operational strategies, one of them being assured survival of infants and children. Sikkim has achieved both the short term and medium term objectives of NPP and is contributing toward population stabilization of our nation and the world, the release mentions.
The State Health department said it has worked as per the strategies and objectives of the National Population Policies in its right earnest towards lowering of infant deaths in the state in a team spirit headed by the commissioner-cum-secretary. The healthcare providers from grass-roots level up to the policy makers, the State government, constant support of Aganwadi Workers (AWW) and helpers of numerous ICDS centers present throughout state have each put in their bit to achieve this success. Workers like Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHA) guided pregnant mothers throughout their pregnancy for safe childbirth followed by visit to each and every new born up to 45 days in their homes and giving Home Based New Born Care (HBNC) and beyond.
The State government with special programme like Proud Mother Scheme for mothers and children and not forgetting the support of Union Health ministry have played significant roles in the achievement. The Health department continues to strive towards single digit IMR and saving each and every infant born in the State, the release mentions.


Area: 7096 Sq Km
Capital:Gangtok
Altitude: 5,840 ft
Population: 6.10 Lakhs
Topography: Hilly terrain elevation from 600 ft. to over 28,509 ft above sea level
Climate:
Summer: Max- 21°C ; Min – 13°C
Winter: Max -13°C ; Min – 0.48°C
Rainfall: 325 cm per annum
Language Spoken: Nepali, Bhutia, Lepcha, Tibetan, English, Hindi